Rocky Settlements

The first settlements of Masseria Spina are those from the period of the widespread rocky civilization, in the Apulian region, between the ninth and twelfth centuries or so, those of Spina are among the most important examples.

These settlements are certainly an example of the integrated village, or integrated between religion and work. The rocky settlements arose in the vicinity of "lame" or "mene" ( torrential streams) and were generally made up of a complex of caves each with its specificity. Often, over the centuries, the functions and the uses were modified at the expense of the places used for worship and that, originally, they were decorated with murals depicting religious images. The cave complex has undergone several changes since the people went to live in outside realizing an example of a fortified farm, built around the century. XV, made up of two towers-farms, two churches and premises used in the past to agricultural areas and oil processing. These rooms are built around an inner courtyard so assuming the appearance of self-sufficient village and  very considerable from an architectural point of view. Between a rock settlement the Church Minore and the more recent of the Immaculate are visible traces of ancient piling holes of Neolithic huts and a small necropolis dating back to the early medieval period, which at that time had to be quite large.